Adult acne: Understanding the causes and prohibitions of separation – Harvard Health Blog

"Now I'm not young, why do I still have acne?" This is a question we hear from patients every day. The truth is, it is normal to see acne diminish. Although acne & # 39; as an adult problem & # 39 ;, it can happen to people of any age.

Adult acne tends to have many similarities in adolescent acne than both causes and treatments. But there are certain characteristics of adult acne as well.

What causes acne in adults?

Adult acne, or after acne, is the rash that occurs after the age of 25. In many cases, the same causes of acne in young people play in adult acne. The four factors that contribute directly to acne are: excessive oil production, pores trapped by "sticky" skin cells, bacteria, and inflammation.

There are also indirect factors that influence the points directly outlined above, including

  • hormones, stress, and blood circulation in women, all of which can affect oil production
  • hair products, skin care products, and makeup, which can block muscle
  • Diet, which can affect inflammation throughout the body.

Certain medications, including corticosteroids, anabolic steroids, and lithium, can also cause acne.

Many skin problems, including acne, can be a window into a systemic condition. For example, hair loss, excessive hair growth, irregular menstrual cycle, or rapid weight gain or loss in addition to acne, or rapid acne that has no previous history of acne, can all be red flags for the disease, such as polycystic ovarian disease, or other endocrine disorders. Tell your doctor if you experience additional symptoms; he or she may recommend further evaluation.

How can I prevent breakouts?

Like many things in life, acne is not always completely in the person's hands. There are, however, some important guidelines that we provide to prevent looga subtraction:

  • Never go to bed with makeup.
  • Mark the symptoms: when buying cosmetics and skin care products, always look for the words "comedogenic," "oil-free," or "we won't wear any restrictions."
  • Avoid facial oils and hair products that contain oil.
  • Some acne spots are not really acne but are color changes after acne scars or acne or acne. Wear a daily SPF 30 + sunscreen, rain or shine, to prevent darkness in these areas

There is some evidence that changes in specific foods can help reduce acne. For example, one meta-analysis of 14 observational studies including nearly 80,000 infants, adolescents, and young adults showed a correlation between milk products. and the risk of acne. And some studies have linked high glycemic-index diets (those that cause blood sugar levels to rise too fast) and acne.

With that said, it is important to be aware of incorrect information about nutrition and skin. As physicians, we seek out science and data mining; evidence of the relationship between diet and acne is now beginning to bloom. In the future, the effect of food on acne can be better understood.

What are the most effective treatment options?

Diverse selection of acne treatments are stronger depending on the type and severity of acne. Tretinoin concrete, which works to strengthen skin cells quickly to looga prevent scarring go & # 39; it has a core of any type of treatment for acne, and have the benefit of additional treatment kinks good evening and light skin. Isotretinoin (Accutane, another brand), orally, is the most effective treatment for acne and is used in the treatment of severe acne. Pregnant women need to be especially careful when taking isotretinoin, as it is harmful to the fetus.

For women with congestive heart failure, menstruation can be prescribed with a drug called spironolactone, which controls testosterone. Oral contraceptive pills can also help regulate the hormones that contribute to acne.

Proper treatment in the office, such as photodynamic therapy & # 39 ;, can sometimes help. These chemicals, also made in the office, can help treat acne and color changes after they arise.

Simple skin care products without irritation are important for anyone with acne. Choose soft and safe products that are sensitive to acne, and avoid things that can make things worse. It is also important not to scratch or pick up sores, as this can worsen the ice and scars.

An accurate assessment by a qualified dermatologist who is dedicated to treatment planning, almost all cases of acne can be successfully treated. After all, greatness is enough concern without interruption!

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