The essence of education is to train people, especially Cultivate people’s thinking. In today’s world, science and technology are changing with each passing day. The development of science and technology needs innovation, testing innovative thinking and ability, and cultivating students’ innovative spirit and ability has become the consensus of the international community. The cultivation of innovative talents depends on innovative education. Innovative education, STEM education and Maker education are inextricably linked and different.
STEM education, ie science, technology, engineering and mathematics education, is a “post-discipline”, that is, the establishment of this discipline is based on the integration of different disciplines, the original Decentralized disciplines form a whole body. The concept was first proposed by the National Science Council in 1986, and STEM education gradually became the mainstay of the national education system, extending from undergraduate education to K-12 education.
STEM education is the United States to cultivate scientific and technological innovation talents The key is highly valued by governments at all levels. Affected by the US STEM education and the pressure of increasing global technology competition, countries around the world are actively promoting STEM education. As we all know, innovation is a highly complex system engineering, which often requires the comprehensive application of multiple disciplines and requires a combination of scientific thinking and artistic thinking. Based on this, in recent years, people have begun to incorporate art disciplines into the scope of STEM education, thus forming STEAM education.
The similarity between Maker Education and STEM Education is mainly reflected in the fact that both are interdisciplinary and need to be Isolated disciplines are organically integrated. The difference between the two is that STEM education is based on the knowledge and ability of science, technology, engineering and mathematics, focusing on improving students’ STEM literacy, optimizing academic performance, and laying the foundation for the growth of innovative talents.
The creation of Maker Education began with innovation The development of the guest movement aims to reshape the education with the concept of makers, emphasizing the idea of turning creative ideas into real works through hands-on operation and learning in the process of creation. Compared with STEM education, Maker Education is more directly directed at innovative education, with a clearer purpose and implementation path.
Creator Education provides a new and effective way to develop STEM education, and STEM Education will provide a knowledge and ability foundation for the development of talents. The integration of Maker Education and STEM Education will bring about the transformation of the current comprehensive practice curriculum and information technology curriculum in the field of basic education, and jointly promote the cultivation of innovative talents.
Innovative education refers to the innovative spirit of purposely cultivating young people based on the requirements of socialist modernization and development. Innovative ability and innovative personality education. Innovative education is not a reform of general education methods or the increase or decrease of teaching content, but a reorientation of educational functions. It is a comprehensive, structural educational innovation and value pursuit. It is a new kind of education. idea.
Innovative education believes that every child can Becoming a talent, education should be an intrinsic force to stimulate students’ creative potential, rather than suppressing and stifling the spirituality of students like traditional education. To carry out innovative education and cultivate talents with innovative consciousness and ability, we must vigorously promote education innovation. Maker education and STEM education can be said to be two ways of innovative education.
The intrinsic link between Maker Education, STEM Education, and Creative Education can be summarized as “one body and two wings.” Integration means that innovative education is the main body and ultimate goal of education development. The two wings refer to maker education and STEM education respectively. The two are the specific methods and ways to implement innovative education.
At the same time, innovative education is a complex system engineering, which requires various forms of education to work together. In addition to maker education and STEM education, moral education and traditional cultural education are also important forms and foundations for promoting innovative education. . The cultivation of innovative talents requires continuous exploration and improvement of other innovative talent training models. Establish and improve an innovative education system that is conducive to the cultivation of innovative talents. “Form a new way of education and learning that respects people’s creativity in a true sense, fully exploits people’s potential, and promotes people-to-people communication and cooperation.
Commonness and Benefits
Several innovative learning models use project-based learning and have the following benefits: :
First, cultivate students’ initiative. It is not teacher-centered, but students-centered, students must learn. We must really carry out project learning, teachers need to change The concept of education puts students in the main position and exerts the enthusiasm and initiative of students’ learning.
Second, it is exploratory. It is not limited to learning the knowledge in books, but to explore and solve them. A problem to conduct research and study.
Third, it is comprehensive, and now the teaching is centered on disciplines. For example, mathematics and physics are both disciplines, but project learning may be a combination of several disciplines. Get up, this is the cultivation of students’ comprehensive thinking. Very good
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