Photos were written by
Literally Rod Nordland and
Shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, the US military attention shifted to Afghanistan, where al Qaeda leaders were. Many knew that this invasion was sure to come.
What no one knew was Operation Freedom Protection, invasion looga Al Qaeda and the host, the Taliban, they are changing in the current year to 19 – the longest in the United States.
It angered three American administrators and fired 13 US military commanders. It also opened a window to, in most parts of the world, the modern country that still struggles with ancient traditions and religious laws.
Here, systematically historically, are photographs that show the long haul of war, as seen in the eyes of New York Times photographers.
The war has started
Operation Enduring Freedom began on October 7, 2001, in a US bombing campaign against Al Qaeda and the Taliban. On the ground, the US Special Forces forces linked the Afghanistan militia against the Taliban, especially the Northern Alliance, to expel the Taliban. The capital, Kabul, and in mid-November, along with Taliban forces in Kandahar.
In December, Osama bin Laden, the leader of Al Qaeda, fled to Pakistan with the mountains surrounding Tora Bora. That same month, an interim government in Afghanistan was led by Hamid Karzai.
The United Nations Security Council has established the International Security Assistance Force, or ISAF, a US-led military alliance.
Car to Iraq
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld announced To stop combat operations in Afghanistan in May 2003. The main Even amid a wider effort to re-building taking place, and about 8,000 US troops in the area, the administration of President George W Bush began transferring resources to the war in Iraq.
The opposition led by the Taliban has xoogaysanaatay 2006, they took more ambushes and suicide bombings. Despite training and equipment provided by the United States and ISAF, Afghan security forces could not control the Taliban's return, backed by militants on the Pakistan border. The United States sent more soldiers into the war.
In 2007, about 25,000 US troops were in Afghanistan.
Recommitation and Surge
In February 2009, the new US president, Barack Obama, announced to reflect on the war and deployed 17,000 more troops to Afghanistan, adding there were already 36,000.
In December, Mr. Obama has announced a "surgery" designed to build and train Afghan security forces that will be a powerful force to hold the # 39 movement up to date. It was part of the plan deployed 30,000 additional US troops, bringing the total to nearly 100,000 by the end of 2010.
In May 2011, the US Navy SEAL team killed Osama bin Laden in a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, where he lived for many years. In June, Mr. Obama announced that he would deploy 33,000 troops from Afghanistan by mid-2012.
In 2012, Afghanistan's president, Hamid Karzai, began to blame the United States and its allied forces for causing civilian casualties, as his relationship with US leaders deteriorated.
Afghanistan took over the majority of security forces in 2013, with US-led coalition forces moving in training and counter-terrorism operations.
The Return of the Taliban
On December 31, 2014, the The war in Afghanistan has officially ended, but the presence of US troops inside the country has not stopped. Mr. Obama announced a timetable for the departure of most of these forces by the end of 2016.
On the battlefield, Afghan security forces are repeatedly battling the Taliban with heavy casualties and large amounts of ground.
In August 2017, President Trump said that although his first instinct was to withdraw from all Afghan forces, he would withdraw. continue to be prosecuted for war. He emphasized that withdrawal will depend on the circumstances of the war, not on the already scheduled schedule.
Peace talks and a historic agreement
In late 2018, the US and Taliban negotiators began holding peace talks. Negotiations continued well until 2020, in Doha, Qatar. (The Afghan government is excluded from the talks – the Taliban refused to meet its leaders.)
By February, about 12,000 U.S. troops were still in the country.
The United States has spent more than $ 2 trillion dollars on war effort. More than 2,400 American soldiers and nearly 700 soldiers from other allied countries have died. More than 38,000 civilians have been killed, including Afghan security forces, about 60,000 are estimated to have died since the beginning of the war.
Produced by Craig Allen, David Furst, Mikko Takkunen and Gaia Tripoli.