Those who support such policies believe they are making things better, especially for children. A recent study has shown that they are wrong.
Investigators collected birth certificate data for more than 155 million live births from 1972 to 2015. Researchers care about how many babies are born at birth weight or prematurely. They compared these levels to unwanted results in times and places where alcohol-related policies existed. They controlled for a number of demographic and related factors, including those known to be associated with poor birth outcomes, such as poverty and smoking.
They found that policies defining alcohol use during pregnancy such as child abuse or neglect were associated with an increase of over 12,000 births. These cost more than $ 580 million in the first year of life. Laws that set alarms where alcohol is sold are linked to more than 7,000 babies born with low birth weight, costing more than $ 150 million.
Previous studies looking at how these policies affect women’s drinking have mixed results. Governments with sanctions policies had more drinks, not less. Above all, none of that kind policyy appeared to be associated with lower levels of drinking.
It is possible that the provinces already drinking more stabilize policies and looga response. But research methods have been used to account for this level and at the regional level on drinking, and the prevalence of fetal alcohol problems was not available when most policies were adopted, making it difficult to believe that the levels of complications were triggered. policy makers to act.
Dr. Sarah Roberts, a professor of gynecology and gynecology at the University of California, San Francisco, is the author of this study and other related works. Doctors have long discussed the risks of patients, with each other, and with many benefits, she noted. But policies that punish women or publicly warn them Damage from alcohol or drug use during pregnancy can lead to more damage by women caajisiyo through to prenatal care, she said.
Such systems can even convince them that talking to their doctors is not a good idea.
"Studies have found that pregnant women who use drugs to avoid prenatal care for fear that, if providers know drug use, it will be referred to services to protect children and not children," she said . "Our study found that child abuse policies led to a decline in prenatal care."